Friday, December 19, 2008

Pattern in Architecture and Interior

Pattern can be found in every aspect of life, in the world of architecture and interior is part of design elements. Pattern is repetitive form applied on facade, garden, wall, floor, furniture, soft furnishing and etc. Elements of pattern are dots, lines, geometric forms and organic forms.
Dots are the simplest pattern. Any size, small-medium-large or any combination of them can be made as pattern. Depends on sense of creativity. These dots though simple can produce a monotonous pattern. To avoid this result, combine dots with color or other pattern. Dots pattern is well known as polka dot been used as motif since year 1880s mainly for textile motif printed in bright colors. This pattern becomes the icon of retro style.

Horizontal lines, vertical lines, diagonal lines, curve or straight lines. Straight lines are masculine, strong and modern image while curve lines are soft, feminine and classic. Horizontal lines can create images of broader space and vertical lines on walls gives impression of higher room. all these if combined and arranged properly with thin-thick lines and color could create beautiful and attractive pattern. Nowadays lines pattern is widely used for facade, households, furniture and soft furnishing.

Geometric form

What in geometric pattern are dots, lines and basic forms, which are square, triangle, round and other simple plane. Rounded pattern is commonly used in classic and retro architecture style.
Geometric patterns have symmetrical and ornate appearance. Combination of dots, lines and basic forms can create an appealing pattern. Islamic architecture is a beautiful example of this geometric pattern. Using forms such as stars, hexagonal, pentagonal creates elaborated pattern.

Organic form

Art Nouveau is example of the exploding of organic-stylized plant pattern. Adapted from plants, branches, leaves, flowers, etc widely used from classic to modern style. In modern period organic pattern is more simple and stylized but still gives impression of feminity and softness.


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Thursday, December 18, 2008

3D View of Home Design - Alternative 3

Alternative 1
Alternative 2

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Wednesday, December 17, 2008

Reducing Glare in Lighting

How to reduce glare in lighting design. Especially designing for aging people here are a few solutions.

  1. Do not expose the lightbulb directly. Place a shield between people and lightbulb to conceal the light. Usually in shaded transparant material or use interior lighting fixtures with some type of diffuser.
  2. Pay attention in selecting materials. Particularly for floor, countertop, furniture finish. They can create glossy-mirror look reflecting the brightness of light source. Use non-glossy finish for materials.
  3. Avoid placing bright light against dark celing.
  4. Indirect lighting is much better. It creates the impression of brightness and the shadow is filled in. The room looks brighter as well.
  5. Create a cove lighting on the wall, this will look nice for room with high ceiling. let the light washes the upper wall and celing enhancing soft ambient light. So, downlight might not be needed.
  6. Use light color finishes on walls and ceilings to soften the effects of bright light sources and to reduce shadows. Avoid making interior of home looks darker than exterior.
  7. It is important to balance light levels within spaces and between adjacent spaces, most people cannot negotiate sharp transitions from bright to dark spaces and vice versa as easily. Use dimmer to balance the light.
  8. Create uniform ilumination, avoid using pattern like using track lighting which creates scallops on wall or floor. This pattern can be confusing and disorientating for aging people.
  9. It is important to place the light close to the task. so it will not create shadow, like lighting on writing tabel or kitchen countertop.


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Tuesday, December 16, 2008

Ideas on How to Have a Country-Style Home

By Alyssa Davis

Home is where the heart is. It is where someone goes after a hard day's work to relax. It is where one goes and experiences love that is not found in the world outside its walls. It is where one finds solace and happiness, despite the confusion, cruelty, depression, and sadness in the real world.

Almost everyone wants to resemble his home with anything except the workplace. That is why many homeowners design and decorate their homes to be cozy and comfortable.

One of the most comfortable themes is country style. It is warm, inviting, and tempts everyone to just sit down and have a cup of coffee. Here are some ideas on how to make incorporate a country style theme in your home.



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Estimating Building Construction Costs - Elements and Tools

I found good article which I think it useful to post here. By Dean Forster.

The practice of estimating building construction costs is as important a step as the construction itself. In building a home, a facility or any other structure, it is important to approximate the amount that will be used on the project or come up with an estimate as close as possible to the actual costs. Most construction project failures, be it domestic or commercial, are caused by lack of balance in the anticipated cost of the project and the actual expenses.


Source Article

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